Parking structures have become a necessity throughout the world with urbanization and popularity of the automobile. With buildings, parking structures have many attributes in common and they also have unique differenced.
In most cases, the parking structures must have a vehicular circulation system to provide access from one floor to the next necessitating sloping ramps or helices which is the most unique aspect of the parking structures. All the important aspects are taken into consideration by the car parking construction in Sydney.
The parking structures are open, unheated and undergo volume changes which cause additional distress in the framing elements and affects the structural ability to withstand its design loads unlike the residential and the commercial buildings.
In the modern urban and suburban developments, the parking structures have become important elements. The surface parking is provided if the land is cheap and plentiful in the area where parking is required.
From one type of development to the next and therefore virtually each parking structure needs to be designed for the type, number and nature of the visits which it will be serving as parking needs differ from one type of development to the next.
It is an expensive proposition in going for a car park construction. There are some which can provide over 10,000 parking stalls while most parking structures accommodate less than 1,000 vehicles.
Compared to most enclosed structures, the parking structures are large in plan-view. Going through wet and dry cycles and in the northern climate going through the extreme temperatures between summer and winter, they are open to the elements and also experience temperature variants.
The attributes of a bridge and a building are blended through parking structures. It may deteriorate within a few years if it is designed as a typical building and it will not be competitive in the marketplace if it is designed as a bridge.
So, the car parking constructions in Sydney determines every factor while entering into the construction of the parking structures. Considering its design, it has unique attributes through a parking structure has much in common with other buildings.
Its design, construction, and performance are significantly influenced by the following factors:
- Features of special framing
- The uniqueness of loads and serviceability
- Changes in volume
- Restraint and concrete cracking drainage
- Joints and joint seals
- Considering durability
- Safety features of pedestrian and motorist
- Way-finding and lighting
In design, its parameters often impose conflicting requirements. The structural strengths and stiffness requirements and the anticipated environmental effects as the structure will be going through during its service life are the most conflicting structural requirements. To consider the environmental effects and loadings with the economy in mind is what the challenge in the design of a parking structure is.
Features of special framing
Necessitating sloping ramps and helices, a parking facility of for multi-storey car park construction a vehicular circulation system at each level and commonly accessible point from one level or tier to the next is required to be framed.
As it depends on several factors, the selection of a circulation system is a complex design problem. Speed ramps or helices are typically provided for ingress and egress of the vehicles. In the long span systems, the structural framing systems span the driving and parking stalls.
Evolving from the earlier precast flooring systems, most precast parking structures are built with double tees. With a field-placed concrete topped as the riding surface, the earlier double-tee design featured flange-to-flange connections.
Structural strength and corrosion protection must be provided by the methods of joining the structural elements.
While considering car park design layout, it is better to start with minimum requirements.
It is important to consider the ventilation systems while designing spaces for the parking systems or while going for car parking construction. Not much consideration is given to this aspect resulting in dark suffocating underground parking spaces is what very often we see.
To ensure the circulation of fresh air, exhaust fans or another ventilation system must be there. Allowing the users to identify the availability of free space instantly are quite popular; today it is very easy to use the parking systems. To the growing need for parking spaces, conventional parking systems are no longer the answer.
For managing the car spaces in a more coherent and orderly manner, accommodating more number of cars within the available space, car parking construction is based on the designed in an orderly manner accommodating more number of cars within the available space.
For the vehicle parking which is being used proves beneficial in reducing wastage space as there are puzzle parking systems and multi-level state of art automated systems.
For this purpose more car parking lots are using car parking software which is responsible for the parking procedures is what the emphasis today is on the automated procedures.
The protection of structures with various types of the coating is another major service of civil construction companies. To protect against the impact, heat, chemical corrosion, and abrasion from various physical or chemical agents is what this service which uses linings and coatings.
Fireproofing, coatings, and linings for chemical storage tanks and other types of retardants which what the coating services include. The design, building, and maintaining of large physical structures that include bridges, roads, buildings, and even dams are what the civil construction often entails to.
You need to hire an engineer to oversee the whole project from the beginning to end in most cases. According to a strict schedule by the engineer, each and every phase of the project is pre-calculated and laid out.